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Penrose Library

Copyright @ Whitman: Tools

Fair Use Analysis


Academic and Educational Permissions - Stanford University

Copyright Crash Course Online Tutorial - Copyright Management Center, University of Texas

Fair Use Scenarios - Center for Social Media

Teaching Scenarios - University of Minnesota (archived version)

Seeking Permission

Permission from the Copyright Owner

  • Write to the copyright owner, detailing how the work will be used.  Sample letters (Columbia University) may help you get started.
  • Permission may be granted for free, or for fees ranging from modest to exhorbitant.  Permission may also be declined.
  • If permission is denied or too costly, seek out similar resources instead.
Permission Vendors
  • The Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) will seek permission on your behalf.  Fees differ for course packs, classroom handouts, library reserves and postings to course management systems; Copyright permission is automatically granted for works contained within the CCC database.
  • iCopyright provides licensing for digital content


  • Musical Works:
    • ASCAP - American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
    • BMI - Broadcast Music, Inc.
    • SESAC - performance rights
    • Harry Fox Agency - source for mechanical rights associated with producing derivatives (i.e., "covers") of copyrighted works


  • Motion Pictures:
    • Criterion Pictures USA - licenses non-theatrical, public performance rights for feature films
    • Kino Lorber - world cinema, classics, documentaries & independent films
    • MPLC - Motional Picture Licensing Corporation
    • SWANK - public performance licensing for non-profit and non-commercial use

Archiving & Publishing

Researching Copyright Holders

Searching Copyright Information - works registered and documents recorded by the U.S. Copyright Office since January 1, 1978

Catalog of Copyright Entries - U.S. Copyright Office; listing of all received copyright registrations

The WATCH File: Writers, Artists and Their Copyright Holders

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