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Copyright @ Whitman: Music & Sound

Fair Use

Educational Uses of Music - University of Washington

Example of Fair Use in Music Cases - Stanford University


Copyright Guide for Music Librarians - Music Library Association

Copyright Law and Audio Preservation - Association of Research Libraries

Kohn on Music Licensing

NAfME Copyright Center - National Association for Music Educators

MPA Copyright Resource Center - Music Publishers Association

Ownership of Copyright in Sound Recordings

According to Public Knowledge, U.S. copyright law requires that, in order to be eligible for copyright protection, a creative work must be fixed in a tangible format.  While a performer may not have copyright to a performance, a sound recording of that same performance may be copyrighted.

The creativity in the process of creating a sound recording involves not only the performance of the singer, but also the input of the instrumentalists, musical director and engineers.  Because so many people collaborate in the creation of a sound recording, the issue of ownership may be difficult to resolve.

For more information, see the "Copyright Tutorial for Musicians."

Music Resources in the Public Domain




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